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UPSC Syllabus 2023

UPSC Syllabus 2023- Overview
Exam Date28th May 202315th to 19th September 2023
No. of PapersTwo Nine 
Types of QuestionsObjective TypeDescriptive Type
Duration of Exam2 hours each3 hours each 
Total Marks4001750
Medium of ExamEnglish & HindiEnglish & Hindi (except language paper)
Negative Marking ⅓rd markNo negative marking
Marks Counted in MeritNoYes

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2023

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2023
PaperSubjectsMarksNo. of QuestionDuration
IGeneral Studies (GS)2001002 hours (9:30 AM to 11:30 AM)
IICSAT200802 hours (2:30 PM to 4:30 PM)

Important Points:

  1. For every incorrect answer, 1/3rd mark of the total mark will be deducted.
  2. For the blank answers, no marks will be deducted.
  3. In General Studies (Paper I), each question is of 2 marks and there is a negative marking of 0.66 marks
  4. In CSAT (Paper-II), each question is of 2.5 marks and a negative marking of 0.833 marks for each wrong answer marked.
  5. The prelims marks will not be included in the final result (merit list).
  6. Paper II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.

UPSC Syllabus 2023 for Prelims  Exam

UPSC Prelims Syllabus for General Studies (Paper I)

1. C Current Affairs (Events) of national and international importance.

2. History of India and Indian National Movement.

3. Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, and Economic Geography of India and the World.

4. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

5. Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.

6. General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity and Climate Change: that do not require subject specialization.

7. General Science


UPSC IAS Prelims Syllabus for CSAT (Paper-II)

1. Comprehension

2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills

3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability

4. Decision-making and problem solving

5. General mental ability

6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level).

UPSC Mains Exam
Qualifying PapersMarks

One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from 
the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution




Papers Counted for Merit


General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)250
General Studies-II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)250


General Studies-III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)250
Optional Subject – Paper 1250
Optional Subject – Paper 2250
Sub Total (Written Test)1750
Personality Test275
Grand Total

UPSC Mains General Studies I (Paper -2)

This is the first General Studies paper. This paper is all about the History, Heritage, Geography and Culture of the World and Society. Candidates can check the main points of the General Studies I syllabus below as described by the commission.

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society:

1. Indian culture covers the salient features of Literature, Art Forms, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. Modern Indian history include the significant events, personalities, issues during the middle of the eighteenth century until the present

3. Various stages and important contributors and contributions from different parts of the country in ‘The Freedom Struggle’

4. Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country

5. History of the world includes events, forms and effects on the society from the 18th century like world wars, the industrial revolution, colonization, redraw of national boundaries, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.

6. Salient aspects of Diversity of India and Indian Society

7. Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and remedies

8. Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism

9. Distribution of key natural resources across the world including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent; factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world including India

10. Effects of globalization on Indian society

11. Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes

12. Salient features of world’s physical geography.

UPSC Mains General Studies II (Paper-3)

The Mains General Studies II papers have questions related to the Polity, Governance, Constitution, Social Justice and Interrelations. Candidates can check the syllabus below.

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations:

1. Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure

2. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein

3. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

4. Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions

5. Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these

6. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies

7. Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity

8. Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act

9. Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

10. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

11. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections

12. Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

13. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

14. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures

15. Issues relating to poverty and hunger

16. Role of civil services in a democracy

17. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

18. India and its neighborhood- relations

19. Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate

20. Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora

UPSC Mains General Studies III (Paper-4)

UPSC Mains General Studies III is all about the Science, Technology, Economics, Defense, Disaster Management and Nature. This paper can ask questions from every aspects of life, new development in any sphere of life.

Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management:

1. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

2.Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

3.Government Budgeting.

4. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

5. Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers

6. Economics of animal-rearing.

7. Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

8. Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions

9. Land reforms in India.

10. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

11. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

12. Investment models.

13. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science and technology;

14. Indigenisation of technology and developing new technology.

15. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

16. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

17. Disaster and disaster management.

18. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

19. Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

20. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention

21. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

22. Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

UPSC Mains General Studies IV (Paper-5)

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude: This paper includes questions to check the candidate’s attitude and approach towards the issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and their problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by them while dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects and cover area

1. Ethics and Human Interface- Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships

2. Human Values- lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values

3. Attitude- content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion

4. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections

5. Emotional intelligence concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance

6. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world

7. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration- Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance

8. Probity in Governance- Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information; sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption

9. Case Studies on the above issues.

Paper –VI and Paper – VII Optional Subjects

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary ScienceManagement
BotanyMechanical Engineering
ChemistryMedical Science
Civil EngineeringPhilosophy
Commerce and AccountancyPhysics
EconomicsPolitical Science and International Relations (PSIR)
Electrical EngineeringPsychology
GeographyPublic Administration
ZoologyLiterature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bodo, Bengali, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kashmiri, Kannada, Malayalam, Konkani, Manipuri, Maithili, Marathi, Odia, Nepali, Sanskrit, Punjabi, Sindhi, Santhali, Tamil, Telugu, English andUrdu.


Number of hours required to complete the Syllabus (UPSC)

Prelims cum mains ( Approx 800 hours)

7 months Duration

210 days

Each Day = 6 hours Class


  1. Current Affairs ( 1year News) = 200 hr ( Daily 1 hr)
  2. Histroy ( Ancient, Medival,Modern) = 80 hrs
  3. Indian Polity and Governance = 90 hrs
  4. Geography (India and world ) ecology = 110 hrs
  5. General Science , Science and Technology = 80hrs
  1. Economics (Indian Economy )

and International Relations = 80 hrs

  1. Ethics and Integrity = 60 hrs
  2. CSAT ( Mental Ability ) = 90 hrs

Total = 790 hrs

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What Will You Learn?

  • Our UPSC CSE course focuses on all the levels of UPSC CSE examination. We prepare you for Prelims with CSAT paper, mains and PI. With expert in-house faculty members, along with faculty members from Hyderbad and Delhi, we train you for all the subjects, we also have eminent personalities from various sectors to give an edge to the UPSC exams. Current affairs, Test series, answer writing, paper evaluations and mock Interviews are the key focus in 9 months course. Join us for the holistic UPSC coaching.

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